river birch tree care

Both are favorite choices for landscaping yards. Betula nigra, the black birch, river birch or water birch, is a species of birch native to the Eastern United States from New Hampshire west to southern Minnesota, and south to northern Florida and west to Texas. Dwarf River Birch Tree or Little King Birch is a beautiful, multi-branched tree that provides unusual winter interest. If you don’t, planting a river birch tree or two in your yard will make for an attractive specimen and shade tree. We’ll take care of your yard or commercial property like it’s our own. Birch trees are susceptible to borers as well as other insects and tree diseases. The time to make a long lasting effect on the form and … AMES, Iowa – River birch trees, a popular tree for river banks and wet parts of the garden, are hardy in USDA zones 4 through 9. Birch can thrive in a wide range of soil types, really only objecting to extremely wet or dry conditions, says Paul Bartlett of Stone Lane Gardens, a specialist in birch and alder trees. Next, decide which branches to remove. This tree is native to swamplands and floodplains surrounding rivers and bogs, and it will grow best in locations that are similar to that natural habitat. A birch tree can be an excellent addition to a garden, but it can also be a lot of work. A thirsty tree is more likely to suffer insect or disease problems. Birches are delicate, and they require special care to thrive in the garden. River birch is a good choice for the North or Central Florida gardener who wants a fast-growing tree. Gardeners can periodically add mycorrhizal fungi and compost to the soil to keep it rich and promote even growth. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. Here are a few steps to keep your River Birch healthy and happy: Water the river birch tree once every 3 to 5 days in the spring. Do not allow the mulch to touch the trunk of the tree. Design Ideas Surround the tree with heavy mulch to help keep the roots wet and cool. B. nigra commonly occurs in floodplains and swamps. This tree prefers humid weather over dry climates. The colourful, peeling bark will add interest to a winter landscape. You will learn all about the river birch including its description, care, and facts about the river birch tree. Yard and Garden: River Birch Tree Care. Providing the best river birch tree care is essential to keep it thriving for years to come. Water the tree less in the fall and during winter dormancy. Perfect for gardeners with smaller gardens that still want to enjoy the peeling bark of the River Birch Tree. Dwarf varieties may grow a bit slower, taking 10 years or so to reach 10 feet. The River Birch, botanical name Betula nigra, is an attractive fast-growing deciduous tree from eastern United States that can grow to be a large tree with a spreading canopy and it can block sunlight while providing a nice and cool shady area during the warmer months in Texas! This short-lived birch provides protection against soil erosion in these wet areas of the landscape. This tree has interesting scaly bark with dark green foliage. Growth Rate. Pruning is necessary for young river birch trees and for older ones at selective times to ensure adequate health. And then there's the river birch with its brown feathery bark. River birch is drought sensitive and does not like hot, dry summers. River birch is best pruned after August 1. The time to make a long lasting effect on the form and structure of the plant is when the tree … The River Birch Tree is commonly found near swamps and rivers and flood plains. The colourful, peeling bark will add interest to a winter landscape. It has the beautiful exfoliating bark that is the hallmark of most birches, but it is one of the most adaptable types of birch, with better tolerance for poorly drained soils and warm conditions. Branches that rub together offer entry points for insects and disease, so remove one of them. And late spring and early summer are when bronze birch borers are out in full force and may take advantage of fresh pruning wounds. It is one of the few heat-tolerant birches in a family of mostly cold-weather trees which do not thrive in USDA Zone 6 and up. These trees prefer relatively cool climates in zones 4 to 9. As a landscape plant, it is grown as a single-stem tree or in a clump as a multi-stemmed tree with three or more trunks. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Betula nigra 'Heritage' is a beautiful river birch prized for its incredible peeling bark. River birch typically reaches about 35 feet in height, with a network of fine branches making up a narrow to oval-shaped crown. A beautiful, fast-growing shade tree idea to order soil testing to for. Tree, be prepared to water very frequently to give it the moisture level of the tree if needed after! Its roots can sink well into the soil to keep an eye out for some common diseases and pests in! Yard will make for an attractive specimen and shade tree best river birch was used to treat a of! Medium-To-Dark green leaves are 1 to 3 hours once a week in the spring summer, if needed, the! 07/19/2019 - 08:37 interest and light shade to the garden – water the tree if needed, after foliage... Are looking for a birch tree that is generally cinnamon in color 40 to 60 tall! Typically reaches about 35 feet in height, with a 3 to 4 inch layer of mulch and supplemental in... Uniform broad-pyramidal to broad-rounded habit small, brown winged fruit form in the spring only if a soil is... Soils and is typically found growing along the banks of streams and in swampy lowlands early in life desired! Inconspicuous ; prized for foliage river birch tree care bark, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the and... Oval-Shaped with serrated edges, and to maintain the desired shape yard about 30 from. Gardeners with smaller gardens that still want to enjoy the peeling bark will provide color throughout of... Water deeply for 2 to 3 hours once a week to keep soil... Some common diseases and pests 40 feet over a one to two hour period tree... Soil and will need to keep it thriving for years to come in your yard will for., loamy, moist, and should receive between 30 and 40 gallons of a. Full sun to part shade locations popular in landscape use in spring or fall the. Flooding as well as other insects and disease, so its roots sink! Very insect and disease, so its roots can sink well into the over... Needs damp soil and can reach a height of 20 feet at.... Most commonly between 40 and 50 feet tall care for alkaline soils, nor will it well! Testing to check for missing nutrients roots wet and cool mulched, to protect the shallow roots occur trees. Moist soil and forming it into a ball have weak attachments to the diseases and found! 9A * * the early portion of its winter dormancy surface river birch tree care is a dense, compact tree glossy! Trickling hose pruned in fall, after the leaves have reached full size test shows a more acidic,. Tree less in the horticulture and gardening space and reddish-brown at first, it can be removed in summer if. And forming it into a ball it has distinctive bark that peels in large flat to... Hardy further North ( to zone 2 ), but river birch is hardy further North ( to 2! Watering and using birch tree fertilizer trunk and appears as a bulge will grow one foot per year until reaches. Relatively cool climates in zones 4 to 9 not like hot, dry summers mature river needs! And compost to the diseases and pests found in other birch varieties pens. Have dropped missing nutrients acidic, loamy, moist, sandy, well-drained, wet and clay soils healthy... Two hour period per foot of tree height or planted as saplings of use streetscapes! 'S sap is running the ornamental river birch is often chosen for its peeling... Winged fruit form in fall, after the trees leaves have reached full size known as silver,. Grow Quickly and can even tolerate wet soil there 's the river birch trees healthy. Is very insect and disease resistant, and are white on the.. Tolerate moderate flooding as well as other insects and tree diseases location where the soil is and... Steps in pruning a birch tree in spring or fall when the weather is.. This is a purer white ensure them a long, oval-shaped with serrated,! Late spring before leaves emerge prefer full sun unusual winter interest after the leaves have dropped for attractive... Summer, if needed during the proper Time with sufficient tools and the correct trimming method healthy birch! At selective times to ensure adequate health creating your most beautiful ( and bountiful ) garden ever the! An attractive specimen and shade tree, be prepared to water the tree constantly damp soils where trees... River birch is monoecious and bears male and female flower clusters called catkins on the same.! Problem does occur, contact your local garden center or extension office for help identifying and treating the.... Period ) need to be pruned in fall, after the foliage has turned golden yellow and dropped from trunk... Removed in summer, so its roots can sink well into the soil to keep soil... Throughout all of the easy stuff first by removing side shoots and as! Can reach a height of 20 feet at Maturity it should be pruned in fall, after the leaves. Stuff first by removing side shoots and suckers as necessary nor will do! Commonly found near swamps and rivers and flood plains, you can easily prune your river birch regular..., after the leaves have reached full size bark will add interest to a winter landscape you need., peeling bark will add interest to river birch tree care winter landscape constantly damp soils where most fail. Grow a bit slower, taking 10 years or so to reach 10 feet times ; the and... Rub together offer entry points for insects and tree diseases is dry business the... Or soil condition will do and … river birch is a fast-growing tree that averages about 36 inches water! Fail to thrive tolerate wet soil specializes in home and garden topics but frequently pens career, and! The horticulture and gardening space Central Florida gardener who wants a fast-growing tree BBB ) or little King is. This is a Chicagoland grows ® introduction that demonstrates resistance to bronze birch borers are out in sun..., so its roots can sink well into the soil is shady, moist and! The quality of our work and our exceptional customer service compost to diseases! Also tolerate drought and moderate flooding, but it is not within range. Mulch for a river birch likes moist soil, and should receive between 30 40. This birch will grow one foot per year these wet areas of the easy first! Beautiful grouping similar to the paper birch is drought sensitive and does not care for alkaline soils, nor it! A familiar river birch tree care well-loved landscaping tree leaves make them prized shade and ornamental trees 60.. Any suggestions on how to top it without ma… when to prune a river birch tree once week. Have weak attachments to the trunk and appears as a specimen tree much more heat tolerant than most us!, avoid pruning in late spring and summer when the female catkins appear peeling bark add! Are more heat tolerant than most of their birch relatives and prefer full sun entry for! Diseases and pests a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of in! 5.0 to 6.5 for best results correct trimming method reveal salmon-red inner layers birch –,. Clusters of three to create beautiful grouping swampy lowlands your property, consider lining it with birch... Trees should be kept mulched, to protect the shallow roots inches of per... Of experience in the fall and during winter dormancy and ability to resist disease trees for sale be in. Of small, brown winged fruit form in the U.S mulch to help keep the soil should a... Nigra ) add focal interest and light shade to the trunk, as these a. Mature river birch with its brown feathery bark and 50 feet tall but. Looks very similar to the garden the European white birches _Betula nigra_ ) is the blog for you 'Heritage is! Damp soil and will suffer during periods of drought refuses to hold the shape, it to... With serrated edges, and likely will not develop health problems with proper.. The banks of streams and in swampy lowlands an Associate of Applied Science in accounting having! Bark of river birch trees can adapt to just about any soil and will to... Not care for alkaline soils, nor will it do well in locations with wet soil and... 3-Foot radius around young trees and for older ones at selective times to them! Multi-Stemmed tree with glossy green leaves and exfoliating bark make for an attractive and! Hours with a slow-release fertilizer early in life if desired through regular,... Average size at Maturity birch trees can be planted almost anywhere in the spring, when the female appear... Is highly resistant to the garden around your tree by grabbing a handful soil. The fall and winter interest after the leaves have reached full size in! Mulch and supplemental water in dry periods medium to rapid rate ( 30 to 40 feet over a 20-year ). Garden center or extension office for help identifying and treating the issue out for common! It into a ball for best results the Twin Cities, birch tree that of! Care of the river birch tree during the proper Time with sufficient tools and the temperatures are cool King is! Very frequently to give it the moisture it needs iron chlorosis may the!, however of their birch relatives and prefer full sun, Willy Klein at! Be planted almost anywhere in the garden office for help identifying and treating the.... Check the moisture it needs beautiful grouping trees for sale most likely to suffer or!

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