Both are favorite choices for landscaping yards. Betula nigra, the black birch, river birch or water birch, is a species of birch native to the Eastern United States from New Hampshire west to southern Minnesota, and south to northern Florida and west to Texas. Dwarf River Birch Tree or Little King Birch is a beautiful, multi-branched tree that provides unusual winter interest. If you donât, planting a river birch tree or two in your yard will make for an attractive specimen and shade tree. Weâll take care of your yard or commercial property like itâs our own. Birch trees are susceptible to borers as well as other insects and tree diseases. The time to make a long lasting effect on the form and â¦ AMES, Iowa – River birch trees, a popular tree for river banks and wet parts of the garden, are hardy in USDA zones 4 through 9. Birch can thrive in a wide range of soil types, really only objecting to extremely wet or dry conditions, says Paul Bartlett of Stone Lane Gardens, a specialist in birch and alder trees. Next, decide which branches to remove. This tree is native to swamplands and floodplains surrounding rivers and bogs, and it will grow best in locations that are similar to that natural habitat. A birch tree can be an excellent addition to a garden, but it can also be a lot of work. A thirsty tree is more likely to suffer insect or disease problems. Birches are delicate, and they require special care to thrive in the garden. River birch is a good choice for the North or Central Florida gardener who wants a fast-growing tree. Gardeners can periodically add mycorrhizal fungi and compost to the soil to keep it rich and promote even growth. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. Here are a few steps to keep your River Birch healthy and happy: Water the river birch tree once every 3 to 5 days in the spring. Do not allow the mulch to touch the trunk of the tree. Design Ideas Surround the tree with heavy mulch to help keep the roots wet and cool. B. nigra commonly occurs in floodplains and swamps. This tree prefers humid weather over dry climates. The colourful, peeling bark will add interest to a winter landscape. You will learn all about the river birch including its description, care, and facts about the river birch tree. Yard and Garden: River Birch Tree Care. Providing the best river birch tree care is essential to keep it thriving for years to come. Water the tree less in the fall and during winter dormancy. Perfect for gardeners with smaller gardens that still want to enjoy the peeling bark of the River Birch Tree. Dwarf varieties may grow a bit slower, taking 10 years or so to reach 10 feet. The River Birch, botanical name Betula nigra, is an attractive fast-growing deciduous tree from eastern United States that can grow to be a large tree with a spreading canopy and it can block sunlight while providing a nice and cool shady area during the warmer months in Texas! This short-lived birch provides protection against soil erosion in these wet areas of the landscape. This tree has interesting scaly bark with dark green foliage. Growth Rate. Pruning is necessary for young river birch trees and for older ones at selective times to ensure adequate health. And then there's the river birch with its brown feathery bark. River birch is drought sensitive and does not like hot, dry summers. River birch is best pruned after August 1. The time to make a long lasting effect on the form and structure of the plant is when the tree … The River Birch Tree is commonly found near swamps and rivers and flood plains. The colourful, peeling bark will add interest to a winter landscape. It has the beautiful exfoliating bark that is the hallmark of most birches, but it is one of the most adaptable types of birch, with better tolerance for poorly drained soils and warm conditions. Branches that rub together offer entry points for insects and disease, so remove one of them. And late spring and early summer are when bronze birch borers are out in full force and may take advantage of fresh pruning wounds. It is one of the few heat-tolerant birches in a family of mostly cold-weather trees which do not thrive in USDA Zone 6 and up. These trees prefer relatively cool climates in zones 4 to 9. As a landscape plant, it is grown as a single-stem tree or in a clump as a multi-stemmed tree with three or more trunks. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Betula nigra 'Heritage' is a beautiful river birch prized for its incredible peeling bark. 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