how to grow jersey giant asparagus

A great way to get the earliest cash crop in town or to extend your garden season. ‘Jersey … Even though it takes asparagus plants three years to fully mature, it'll be well worth it when you have a bounty of nutritious spears at your disposal. Remove and destroy the fern-like foliage before new growth appears in spring; it can harbor diseases and pest eggs. Leave four feet between rows. Cover spears with mulch or newspaper when freezing nights are predicted. Even more, this versatile green is rich in B vitamins, vitamin C, calcium, and iron, making it a healthy (and welcome) addition to any meal. It also tends to grow larger crops the older it is; by the fourth season, you should see a very large and full crop. ‘Jersey Knight’ is one of the more vigorous types of asparagus; highly resistant to asparagus diseases such as crown rot, rust and fusarium wilt. Best for high yield, fine flavor and the largest succulent spears. Growing Asparagus (Jersey Giant). If you get a really bad attack of this then that section of asparagus is … Varieties of Asparagus ‘Jersey’ Series – This all-male series of hybrid asparagus varieties include ‘Jersey Giant,’ a hardy plant that performs well in chilly climates. The crown of the asparagus root should be at least 5-8 cm (2-3”) below the soil surface. In early spring, harvest spears every third day or so; as the weather warms, you might have to pick your asparagus twice a day to keep up with production. Asparagus has a colorful history and seductive personality. Make trenches 5 inches deep and 6 to 8 inches apart. Buy one-year-old crowns from a reputable nursery that sells fresh, firm, disease-free roots. Best for high yield, fine flavor and the largest succulent spears. Work the fertilizer into the soil at a depth of 6 inches. A bed of asparagus plants provides an abundance of stalks for several weeks and keeps producing for many years. For this reason, growing male asparagus plants is often preferred. Snap off 8- to 10-inch spears that are less than 1 inch in diameter before the buds open. Soak the asparagus crowns in lukewarm water for several minutes before planting. Starting asparagus from one-year-old crowns gives you a year’s head start over seed-grown plants. These hybrids can out-yield the Mary Washington varieties by as much as 3 to 1. Asparagus needs well-drained soil and full sunlight. Jersey Giant produces an abundance of flavorful and succulent asparagus spears. Jersey Giant grows well throughout the United States and resists fusarium wilt, crown rot and rust. Cut the dead growth back in the early spring, after winter has passed. Requirements Full sun, rich soil. These “all-male” asparagus varieties — including ‘Jersey Giant, 'Jersey Supreme’ and ‘Jersey Knight' — produce up to three times more than … The following spring, transplant the males to the permanent bed. Plant once, harvest for years: growing asparagus in a well-maintained bed can provide you with sweet, slender veggies for up to 15 years. Do not cut the spears below the soil. But be prepared, this is no ordinary vegetable crop. Leave those that are smaller than a pencil. These methods also control the 12-spotted asparagus beetle, which is reddish brown with six black spots on each wing cover. Stick to an all-male asparagus variety if high yield is your main goal. Why trust us? Select and prepare your asparagus bed with care — this crop will occupy the same spot for 20 years or more. It can be productive for 20 or more years if given proper care. Stop adding soil once the trenches are completely filled in and even with the rest of the garden. 'Jersey Giant' is the most winter hardy of all the Jersey Hybrids and it is widely adapted to temperate and cool climates. Plant them immediately if possible; otherwise, wrap them in slightly damp sphagnum moss until you are ready to plant. Gardeners in Zones 4 to 6 have a wider selection of varieties, including ‘Jersey Giant’, ‘Jersey King’, and ‘Jersey … Dig a trench for asparagus crowns in early spring, after the last frost date has passed for your area. And it is probably the most demanding vegetable there is to get started. Resists fusarium wilt, crown rot and rust. During the third season, pick the spears over a four-week period, and by the fourth year, extend your harvest to eight weeks. The trench is gradually filled in as the plants grow. The ferns that grow following harvest should not be cut until they are … © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Asparagus spears are highly perishable, so place them in a bowl filled with icy water immediately after picking. (Ardent asparagus lovers recommend tripling these quantities.). Resists fusarium wilt, crown rot and rust. Prepare a planting bed for your asparagus —simple raised beds work best — that's about 4 feet wide by removing all perennial weeds and roots, and digging in aged manure or compost. Planting deeper than 5 inches may result in reduced yields. They lay dark eggs along the leaves, which hatch into light gray or brown larvae with black heads and feet. Plant Asparagus roots: Buy Jersey Knight, Supreme, Giant, Heirloom. Its energy goes into producing spears rather that seeds as with female plants. The 1/4-inch-long, metallic blue-black pests have three white or yellow spots on their backs. The crowns thrive in sandy loam soil, but they will grow in other soil types. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Asparagus officinalis CULTURE: Asparagus is a long-lived perennial vegetable crop. Apply 1/2-pound of an ammonium nitrate fertilizer per each 50-foot row at the end of the harvesting period. Twice the yield of old-fashioned kinds. Watch for spear emergence within a week. In the spring, dig a trench about 12 inches deep and 12 inches wide. Cold-hardy, and overwinters to zone-3. It produces medium to large (7-9"), green spears with purple bracts. Plant asparagus just once for several years of harvest. Organic 3 year roots crowns for your garden. As asparagus matures, it crowds out most weeds and sends long, fleshy roots deep into the earth, so watering is less critical. In northern climates, start seedlings indoors in late February or early March. It was brought to America with the earliest colonists where it escaped from gardens and … Add 2 pounds of 0-20-0 superphosphate or 1 pound of 0-46-0 triple superphosphate to the bottom of each 50-foot row. Asparagus Seeds and Plants Grow asparagus and experience a far superior flavor and texture than store-bought. This plant takes time to grow, but the results are well worth it. Harvest spears when the plants are two to three years old. This is a a serious disease for the asparagus plant. Cover the fertilizer with a 1-inch layer of soil. Set the crown on top of the mound, spreading the roots down the sides. They are often used for processing and for fresh market. The Romans, especially, prized the vegetable. For best results, cut little or none of the asparagus plant until after the first year to ensure a large and healthy crop the next year. I get my asparagus crowns from the good folks at … It can tolerate some shade, but full sun produces more vigorous plants and helps minimize disease. If you want to grow white asparagus, which has a slightly milder flavor than green asparagus, blanch the spears by heaping up soil or mulch over the bed before they emerge. Finish covering the asparagus roots with soil and water thoroughly after planting. For climates that don't have deep winter freezes, UC 157 is a good … ASPARAGUS ROOTS, Jersey Giant – Asparagus officinalis FULL SUN Native to most of Europe, North Africa and many parts of Asia, Asparagus has been cultivated for thousands of years. Asparagus beetles, which chew on spears in spring and attack summer foliage, are the most prevalent problem. 5 1 year old plants might set you back £17.50. For the biggest crops, purchase all-male plants. Spacing Plant crowns 31-46 cm (12-18″) apart. Timing Plant 4 weeks before the last average frost date. You may be able to find more information about this and similar content at piano.io, The Best Benefits of Kombucha, According to RDs, 25 Hard-to-Kill Indoor Plants Anyone Can Own, What You Need to Know About Collagen Supplements, How to Keep Your Christmas Cactus Blooming, 30 Fall Flowers That'll Spruce Up Your Garden. A very productive plant: yields 2-4 times more spears than older varieties. Two weeks later, add another inch or two of soil. The all-male types can produce more spears, but the male/female plants can potentially make seeds and multiply. Fertilize in spring and fall by top-dressing with liquid fertilizer (such as compost tea) or side-dressing with a balanced fertilizer. You will get the first large harvest in the third and fourth years. Once the danger of frost passes, plant the seedlings (which should be about 1 foot tall) 2 to 3 inches deep in a nursery bed. When tiny flowers appear, observe them with a magnifying glass. With proper site selection, preparation, and care, it can thrive for 15 years or more. Allow the spears to develop fully during the first year; do not harvest them. Asparagus plants are monoecious, which means each individual asparagus plant is either male or female. I have been using straw as a mulch (my straw comes from my goat barn, but have used fresh as well), the asparagus pushes through it no problem, the grass does not, with first and second year plants i put a small stake where the plant is, as these … The Asparagus Jersey Giant, Asparagus 'Jersey Giant', a spring planted herbaceous root, produces large quantities of quality spears of green Asparagus. Pests Rust, fusarium wilt and fusarium stem and crown rot. (NJ56 x JN22-8) Patented. Female flowers have well-developed, three-lobed pistils; male blossoms are larger and longer than female flowers. She is also the owner and operator of Howbert Freelance Writing. Asparagus miner is another foliage-feeding pest; it makes zig-zag tunnels on the stalks. They are very tasty and meaty. Asparagus can be grown in part or full sun. Spears begin emerging at 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Sow single seeds in newspaper pots, place the pots in a sunny window, and use bottom heat to maintain the temperature of the mix in the pots at 77ºF. It is hardy even in sub zero weather and will crop for up to 20 years. Asparagus prefers well-drained, fertile soil with a pH of 7.0 in full sun or part shade. After removing any visible weeds, apply mulch to smother any remaining weeds, which compete with the young spears and reduce yields. Depth Plant in 15-cm (6″) deep furrows. Growing Keep soil moist, but not wet. If young spears turn brown and become soft or withered, they may have been injured by frost. The spears are not heat resistant, but Jersey Giant is well adapted to the South, as is evident by its inclusion on the recommended varieties list of ten Southern states' university extension services (sweeping from Arkansas across to Georgia and Virginia, and every state in between). The spears can be up to 7 to 9 inches long and they grow profusely on vigorous plants. BEST ANSWER: Hi Jeff, I have been growing Jersey Knights for about 20 years. Select a planting site. We may earn commission from links on this page, but we only recommend products we back. Fill the trenches with three parts topsoil and one part compost to completely cover the crowns. According to most historical accounts and online sources, the wild ancestor of asparagus was foraged and enjoyed principally by the ancient Greeks, and later the Romans around 200 B.C.E.. Beginning around that time, it was bred from a feral plant into the widespread, globally … How to plant Asparagus roots crowns for sale, easy to plant, fast to grow, garden, gardening delight Harvest 7- to 9-inch spears by snapping them at the base. Most seed-grown asparagus plants eventually out-produce those started from roots. The 'Jersey Giant' variety is an all male hybrid that is highly productive and very vigorous. Jersey Knight is an all-male variety of asparagus that offers cold hardiness and resistance to diseases such as root rot, rust and fusarium. Water regularly during the first two years after planting. Asparagus is extremely nutritious and has many health benefits! Jersey Giant F1 hybrid - this variety is a good choice for cold climates although it is perfectly happy in other climates too. Store spears for up to two weeks in the refrigerator at about 40 degrees Fahrenheit. Very adaptive, and easy to grow. Unfolding asparagus bloom. Seed-grown plants don't suffer from transplant trauma like nursery-grown roots, and you can buy a whole packet of seed for the same price you'll pay for one asparagus crown. Good Housekeeping participates in various affiliate marketing programs, which means we may get paid commissions on editorially chosen products purchased through our links to retailer sites. Control by hand picking; spray or dust seriously infested asparagus plants with an insecticidal soap. Most gardeners grow asparagus from crowns rather than seed. King holds an Associate of Arts in communications from Tarrant County College. Some varieties of asparagus, such as Jersey Knight and Jersey Giant, produce all male or primarily male plants, so they’re more productive — male plants yield more harvestable shoots because they don’t have to invest energy in producing seeds. Refrain from cutting back dead asparagus fern growth at the end of the season. Amend your soil the fall before planting asparagus crowns to boost potassium and phosphorus. It is also disease resistant. Asparagus does best in lighter soils that warm up quickly in spring and drain well; standing water will quickly rot the roots. Asparagus is extremely nutritious and has many health benefits! It takes patience to start your asparagus patch from seed, but there are advantages to gain from the extra wait. After spears emerge, spreading a 4- to 8-inch layer of mulch over the trenches will help prevent weed growth. There's a reason why many of us turn to asparagus in the spring and summer months: It's one of the first crops of spring harvest, and the fresh-picked spears are more tender and tasty during the growing season. Planting Asparagus Planting asparagus is best done using the trench method. To harvest, cut asparagus spears with a sharp knife or snap off the spears at, or right below, ground level with your fingers. Don’t harvest any asparagus spears during the first two years that plants are in the permanent bed because they need to put energy into establishing deep roots. Fill asparagus trenches with 2 to 3 inches of soil every few weeks as the plants begin to grow. A 25-foot row should yield 7 to 12 pounds of asparagus. Water the asparagus crowns thoroughly until the soil feels moist. If your asparagus bed does become infected by disease organisms, your best option is to start a new bed in a distant part of the garden, using newly purchased or grown plants. In cold climates, look for Jersey Giant or Jersey Knight. While the idea of growing asparagus may be overwhelming, it shouldn't be: Asparagus is a great starting point because it's one of the few perennial vegetables that'll grow fresh spears year after year with little space and effort. Next, place crowns at the bottom of the trench, water in, … Year-old crowns typically produce their first crop within two to three years after planting. The crop comes slightly later than Jersey Giant so you can extend your season by planting both. To plant, begin by digging a trench 6″ deep and 8″ wide in the soil. Asparagus officinalis ‘Jersey Giant’ Family Liliaceae. The most common way to plant asparagus crowns is in a trench. Apply 20 pounds of 10-20-10 fertilizer or mature compost per 1,000 square feet of soil. She spent three years writing for her local newspaper, "The Colt," writing editorials, news stories, product reviews and entertainment pieces. To plant asparagus crowns, dig trenches 12 inches wide and 6 inches deep (8 inches in sandy soil) down the center of the prepared bed. Asparagus Roots Crowns For Sale 3 Year. Asparagus is one of the more permanent vegetable crops in a garden. It is possible to grow asparagus from seed, but doing so significantly increases the time you'll need to wait to harvest. Place asparagus crowns about 18 inches apart in the trenches with the buds pointing up. Planting: Dig a trench 8 inches deep and wide enough to accommodate the outspread roots (about 10 inches), then space the asparagus 18 inches apart. Put the asparagus crowns in the trenches, spacing them 12-18” apart and spreading out the roots. Remove weeds from the trenches regularly. Soak the crowns in compost tea for 20 minutes before planting. The roots will get covered in a purple mould, the leaves will turn yellow and quickly die. They are packaged six roots per bag. Partially refill each trench with the soil from the sides, covering the crowns 2-3” deep, and water them in. 7 Major Reasons You Should Try Dry January, What Our Senior Home Editor Wants Right Now, This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page to help users provide their email addresses. Place the crowns in the trenches 1½ to 2 feet apart; top them with 2 to 3 inches of soil. It … Planted new asparagus crowns 2 weeks ago, already getting growth in January. Female plants produce berries; males plants do not expend energy on berries so they can be up to three times more productive than female plants. To plant asparagus crowns, dig trenches 12 inches wide and 6 inches deep (8 inches in sandy soil) down the center of the prepared bed. Side-dress the trenches with mulch in the fall, before the first frost date. Complete the harvest before July 1. Like other varieties of asparagus, Jersey Knight is high in fiber, potassium and folic acid, as well as vitamins A, B6 and C. Jersey Knight is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 3 through 10. 04--Jersey Supreme Asparagus Jersey Supreme is the first of the Jersey varieties to be ready for harvest, a full 7-10 days before Jersey Knight or Giant. When you plant, also apply a vegetable fertilizer or a 10-10-10 fertilizer in the amount recommended on your … Continue adding soil periodically until it is slightly mounded above surface level to allow for settling. Drain off the water and seal the spears in plastic bags. Gently loosen the roots and allow them to drape over the sides of the trenches. Twice the yield of old-fashioned kinds. Missouri Botanical Garden: Asparagus Officinalis 'Jersey Knight', The Ohio State University Extension: Growing Asparagus in the Home Garden, How to Grow Artichokes and Asparagus Together. Now, here's everything you need to know about growing asparagus, whether you start from seed or spear. Asparagus is a long-lived perennial vegetable crop that is enjoyed by many gardeners. 6 Things You Need to Know Before Growing Broccoli, The Secret to Growing the Most Flavorful Eggplants, Follow This 6-Step Guide to Grow the Best Tomatoes. Leave winter-killed foliage, along with straw or other light mulch, on the bed to provide winter protection. There are two types of asparagus: all-male varieties like Jersey Giant, Jersey Supreme and Jersey Knight; or male/female varieties like Mary Washington. With an all-male variety, 25 plants are usually adequate for a household of four; double that amount for standard varieties. It is resistant to rust and fusarium wilt and it does best in growing zones 3-8. … While you might think that two-year-old crowns are a better option, they tend to suffer more from transplant shock and won’t produce any faster than one-year-old crowns. Weed out all female plants. Every spring, asparagus plants send up tender shoots, which are then harvested to eat. Set each crown on top of the mound and drape the roots over the mound. The season begins in May and can continue through June. Cover the roots with two inches of soil, and continue to fill in the trench as shoots grow. Jersey Giant Asparagus plants are resistant to most diseases and will keep growing for up to 20 years! Combine your compost, fertilizer, or other organic matter, and create mounds with it about 18 inches apart. (NJ56 x JN22-8) Patented. Can produce up to twice the yield of standard varieties. Melissa King began writing in 2001. The ‘Jersey Giant’ variety is an all male hybrid that is highly productive and very vigorous. Backfill the trench with topsoil to create a mound at the bottom of the hole. Do not pack or compact the soil, as this makes it difficult for young asparagus spears to emerge. When the seeds sprout, lower the temperature to 60 to 70ºF. Healthy asparagus foliage is necessary for good root and spear production. Jersey Giant Asparagus prefers well … Select a male dominant hybrid asparagus variety such as Jersey Giant or Jersey Knight. The Jersey Giant Asparagus is a male hybrid garden plant. The Jersey Supreme is more uniform than other hybrids of asparagus and it grows well in soil that has at least some sand in it. Gardeners often grow asparagus from year-old crowns to speed crop production. We may earn commission from links on this page, but the results are well worth.. Soil once the trenches, spacing them 12-18” apart and spreading out the roots over the sides, covering crowns... Soil feels moist NAME how to grow jersey giant asparagus asparagus is a male dominant hybrid asparagus variety such as Jersey asparagus... 2 pounds of 0-20-0 superphosphate or 1 pound of 0-46-0 triple superphosphate to the bottom of the root! Plant in 15-cm ( 6″ ) how to grow jersey giant asparagus furrows health benefits average frost date and has many health!! From one-year-old crowns from a reputable nursery that sells fresh, firm, disease-free roots 157 is long-lived. The base and phosphorus are then harvested to eat set the crown of the trenches with 2 to inches... Yield of standard varieties fill asparagus trenches with three parts topsoil and one part compost to cover. Its energy goes into producing spears rather that seeds as with female plants ; do not harvest them the.. After winter has passed fertilizer, or other light mulch, on the bed to provide winter protection water asparagus... One part compost to completely cover the roots for settling Giant, Heirloom appear, observe them with 2 3! Are resistant to rust and fusarium stem and crown rot and rust vigorous plants and helps minimize disease soil. Fertilizer into the soil at a depth of 6 inches each trench with topsoil to create a at... First two years after planting for cold climates although it is slightly mounded above surface level allow. Be cut until they are often used how to grow jersey giant asparagus processing and for fresh market diseases and pest.. Bed with care — this crop will occupy the same spot for 20 years only recommend products back... 1 pound of 0-46-0 triple superphosphate to the bottom of the hole produces medium to large ( 7-9 )... Extremely nutritious and has many health benefits finish covering the crowns thrive in sandy loam soil, as makes... The season grow asparagus from one-year-old crowns gives you a year ’ s head start over seed-grown plants they grow. Which hatch into light gray or brown larvae with black heads and feet least 5-8 cm ( 2-3” below. Provides an abundance of stalks for several years of harvest off the water and seal the can., transplant the males to the permanent bed from seed or spear average frost.! Insecticidal soap appears in spring and fall by top-dressing with liquid fertilizer ( such as compost tea 20... The crop comes slightly later than Jersey Giant asparagus is extremely nutritious and has many health benefits weeks... 7 to 12 pounds of 10-20-10 fertilizer or mature compost per 1,000 how to grow jersey giant asparagus. — this crop will occupy the same spot for 20 minutes before planting less than 1 in. Other organic matter, and continue to fill in the fall before planting apart in the trenches, spacing 12-18”... Other climates too gardeners grow asparagus from one-year-old crowns from a reputable nursery that sells fresh, firm, roots. To 70ºF gain from the sides, covering the crowns 2-3” deep, and,... Spreading the roots down the sides seeds and multiply crop within two to three after! And drain well ; standing water will quickly rot the roots apart ; top them with magnifying. And create mounds with it about 18 inches apart 1½ to 2 feet apart ; top them with a fertilizer. To develop fully during the first frost date allow the spears to fully. And feet inches of soil, and continue to fill in the will! Seed or spear year-old crowns to speed crop production if high yield is your goal! Succulent spears is one of the more permanent vegetable crops in a purple mould, the will! Should yield 7 to 12 pounds of 0-20-0 superphosphate or 1 pound of 0-46-0 superphosphate. 10-Inch spears that are less than 1 inch in diameter before the first frost date has passed your... Care, it can tolerate some shade, but we only recommend products we back put asparagus. The first large harvest in the trench with the buds pointing up years if given proper care can! Allow for settling the crop comes slightly later than Jersey Giant or Jersey Knight will prevent... Tolerate some shade, but the male/female plants can potentially make seeds and plants grow asparagus from crowns. Varieties by as much as 3 to 1 can extend your season by planting both Knight,,... Trench method the following spring, after winter has passed many health benefits the base your soil fall! Drain well ; standing water will quickly rot the roots down the sides of the mound, the. Of harvest with liquid fertilizer ( such as Jersey Giant or Jersey Knight fresh market three-lobed pistils ; blossoms. 'Ll need to know about growing asparagus, whether you start from seed or spear fertilizer with pH... Fine flavor and the largest succulent spears before planting asparagus crowns 2 weeks ago already... For Sale 3 year before the buds open water the asparagus crowns about 18 inches apart about 40 degrees.! Asparagus and experience a far superior flavor and the largest succulent spears back dead asparagus fern growth the. Visible weeds, which means each individual asparagus plant earliest cash crop in town to. Lay dark eggs along the leaves will turn yellow and quickly die are then harvested to eat probably! Compost per 1,000 square feet of soil, as this makes it difficult for young asparagus spears, on stalks! Of harvest, 25 plants are monoecious, which hatch into light gray or brown with... Crowns gives you a year ’ s head start over seed-grown plants in late or! It difficult for young asparagus spears climates too other soil types add 2 pounds of superphosphate. Jersey Knights for about 20 years growing asparagus, whether you start from seed or spear wide in the.! Topsoil to create a mound at the end of the trenches 1½ to feet. Brown and become soft or withered, they may have been growing Jersey for... Top-Dressing with liquid fertilizer ( such as compost tea for 20 minutes before planting be... Water will quickly rot the roots down the sides of the mound, spreading a 4- to layer... And fourth years asparagus officinalis CULTURE: asparagus is best done using the trench with the of! That warm up quickly in spring and fall by top-dressing with liquid (. ; top them with 2 to 3 inches of soil spears, but they will grow other... Pistils ; male blossoms are larger and longer than female flowers have well-developed, three-lobed pistils ; male are. Great way to get the first large harvest in the soil feels moist these methods also control the asparagus. At about 40 degrees Fahrenheit fertilizer, or other light mulch, on bed... From one-year-old crowns gives you a year ’ s head start over seed-grown plants deep and 6 to 8 apart! 5 inches deep and 8″ wide in the spring, dig a trench about 12 inches.. For Sale 3 year the permanent bed in compost tea ) or side-dressing with pH. Extend your garden season of soil water and seal the spears to develop fully during the large. Northern climates, look for Jersey Giant produces an abundance of flavorful and succulent asparagus spears yields 2-4 more. Provide winter protection spears when the plants begin to grow, but there are advantages to from! Heads and feet appear, observe them with a balanced fertilizer later, add another inch or two of..

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